According to 『 Pharmaceutical Affairs Act (PAA) 』 , all medical devices regardless their classification shall apply for “Medical Device License” before they are placed on Taiwan market.
1. Manufacturers of medical devices/Dealers of medical devices
As required by Article 14, 15, 16 and 17 of 『Guidelines for Registration of Medical Devices』, submitter of product premarket review application shall provide a copy of its “Medical Device Manufacturer License” or “Medical Device Distributor License”.
The term “Manufacturers of Medical Devices” is defined in Article 18 of PAA as a company manufacturing, assembly medical device, or distribution and export of its devices, or import of the materials used by medical devices. Local manufacturer shall apply for factory license to local industry authority and pharmaceutical manufacturer license for medical device to local health authorities.
2. Identify the classification of your medical device
Manufacturer or distributor shall identify the intended use of its medical device to verify the product is eligible for medical device regulations. According to its intended use, medical device can be classified into three Classes.
Article 13 of PAA defines medical device as any instruments, machines, apparatus, and their accessories, fittings and parts which are used in diagnosing, curing, alleviating, or directly preventing the diseases of human beings, or which may affect the body structure or functions of human beings.
Department of Health, Executive Yuan published 『 Regulations Governing Management of Medical Devices』to classify medical devices into Class I (low risk), Class II (moderate risk), Class III (high risk) and new medical device (no equivalent device approved by DOH).
In addition to classification, DOH categorized medical devices according to device use. The category of medical devices is listed as bellow：
If manufacturer or distributor has problems in classifying its medical devices, it could apply for “Request for Medical Device Classification and Regulation”.
The regulatory requirements for Class I, II, III and new medical devices are summarized as below：
3. Class I Medical Device License
Submission for Class I device includes：
4. Class II/III Medical Device License
4-1 Medical Device Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
There are four types of inspection to medical device manufacturers including：
inspection on new establishment, move, expending, reopening or increase of new product
The facility of medical device manufacturer shall comply with the requirements of Chapter II of 『Pharmaceutical Factory Establishment Standards』 and be inspected by local industry and health authorities. Quality management system of manufacturers shall be inspected by DOH and its designated auditing organizations in accordance with Medical Device GMP as defined in Volume IV of 『Pharmaceutical Factory Establishment Standards』.
Inspection to foreign manufacturers is conducted through Quality System Documentation review. Foreign manufacturer or its initial importer may apply for on-site inspection.
Domestic and foreign manufacturers may apply for GMP inspection in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice, ISO 13485：2003 or CNS 15013.
4-2 Premarket Review of Class II and Class III devices
Class II and Class II premarket submissions are reviewed by Bureau of Food and Drug Analysis (BFDA). As required by Article 15 and 17 of 『 Guidelines for Registration of Medical Devices 』 , submissions shall include the following information：
1) Application form；
For Class II medical devices, approval documents issued by both the US and EU health authorities/Notified Bodies may be provided as alternative to the information of preclinical test, quality control procedure and test reports.
If the production of medical device involves subcontracting, manufacturer shall comply with the requirements of 『 Guidelines for Pharmaceutical products subcontracting for production and testing』.
It is recommended to refer to DOH published “Medical Device Recognized
4-3 Technical review of Class II IVD
Class II IVD submission shall be submitted to DOH. The information contained in the submission is the same as Class II/III medical device. However, the safety and performance of IVD is reviewed according to the requirements of『IVD Premarket Review Guidance』.
4-4 Technical Review of Class III IVD
In addition to section 4-3, Class III IVD including Hepatitis B/C/D Virus, HIV, HTLV and blood typing kits shall be tested by BFDA before the Medical Device License is granted.
4-5 Technical Review of New Medical Devices
If a medical device is not substantially equivalent to any of DOH approved medical devices, the new device is regulated a “New Medical Device”. As a general rule, new medical devices are those with new principle, new structure, new material or new effectiveness. New IVD are those with new principles, new method or new testing.
1) Application form；
5. Approrval and maintenance of Medical Device License
5-1 Issuance of Medical Device License
According to 『Guidelines for Registration of Medical Devices』, the application will not be approved if there is one of the following situations：
A medical device is adulterated and misbranded if the device
The license holder shall apply for renew of Medical Device License before five-year effective period expires.
5-2 During the effective period, the Medical Device License may be extended, revised, adding specifications, adding effectiveness and change names of manufacturer or distributor.
Reference and recommended readings：
Figure 1. Medical Device License application Flowchart for Manufacturers of medical devices/Dealers of medical devices